How to Prepare soil for Grass Seed?

No soil will ever be perfect without preparing it for the right grass. Growing grass seed from scratch requires healthy soil which supports the growth. Healthy soil is the key to a beautiful, lush green, and lively Lawn. Laying turf and sowing grass seed is almost the same.

In this article, I am going to show you the simple 10 steps to prepare the soil for your grass seed. You will also briefly learn all about grass, its benefits, and the best soil for grass seed for them.

grass seed

What is Grass?

The grass is scientifically known as Poaceae. Grass plays a vital role in protecting soil by preventing soil erosion. Grass also helps animals by providing shelter and food. Grass gives a positive impact on climate, clean water, and air quality. Grass provides better oxygen by acting as an air purifier and reduces the air temperature suitable for humans. 

There are 10000 plus species of grass. Grass becomes part of a healthy environment making homeowners grow it. They also make the best decorations in the garden area. Grass seed needs the right soil, enough light, and more water to germinate. The grass is used for furniture and construction materials as well as decoratives.

What are the types of grass?

grass seed

Some of the grass seed that grows in a warm climate are:

Bermuda grass

Bermuda grass loves warm climates and is king in sandy soil. With vigorous growth and a love for sunlight with less watering, the roots grow deep and take moisture when needed. They survive more than most grasses. Bermuda grass needs high maintenance.

Zoysia grass

The second best grass type for warm climates is Zoysia grass. They have a root deep of 2 inches which does well in drought. They hold water well and are a type of perennial grass.  They have fibrous roots and need soil with 6.8 pH for healthy growth.

Buffalo grass

Buffalo grass is native to America and is low maintenance. They thrive in warm climates but are off for three months and green in other months. So if you are okay with that then it is a great idea. They go well with a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0.

St.augustine grass

This type of grass is thick and slender with light green in color. They do well in many types of soil and are also good in warm-season sandy soil. They need 6 hours of sun a day and are recommended if you don’t know the soil pH and want grass which does give you more work. You should definitely go for this.

Some of the grass seeds that grow best in a cool climate are :

Tall fescue grass

The great grass type for cool climate clay soil. They can hold partial or full sun shade. They have roots deep to 3 inches and need water 1 and a half inches per week. This grass makes the perfect match for clay soil as they are drought tolerant and need less aeration. They thrive in moist environments.


In this cool weather, grass germinates quickly. They have the deepest roots of any other grass. They are mostly used as add-ons to other grasses. They need water for 2 weeks once but in large quantities and should have an acidic nature to soil to mild alkaline. 

Kentucky bluegrass

This grass is also called common meadow grass. Bluegrass is found in golf courses, indoor sports grounds and camping. They can survive in the sun and are best for lawns. With the average growth of roots and regular watering, they do well in clay soil.

What are the Benefits of Grass?

Some of the benefits of Grass are:

  • Prevent erosion– Grass helps to prevent erosion by attaching its roots to the soil. Grass helps the soil with its roots to prevent a natural calamities.
  • Improve conditions (soil, air, and water) – Grass helps to increase soil quality by increasing microbial activity. Grass provides good and pure oxygen around its presence. Water conditions and water quality will be improved in soil with grass.
  • Reduce pollution– Grass reduces air and soil pollution. Noise pollution is suppressed with grass. The soil will be improved to avoid pollutants too.
  • Visual appeal– Grass gives a pleasant visual appeal. At times grass soothes the mind with its dark green sheet in the yard.

Did you know?

  • Bamboo is the tallest growing grass.
  • Lawn grass provides enough oxygen for a family of four.
  • According to the USDA, Kentucky Bluegrass can handle the pressure of heavy grazing. 
  • Bluegrass grows two feet tall and reproduces both by budding and seeding.

Choosing the best soil for grass seed

grass seed

Loamy soil

The best soil for any type of grass seed is loamy soil. To grow the best and most healthy grass, plant the seed in a loamy soil. It is made up of sand, clay, and silt making it well-draining and nutrient-rich soil for the growth of plants. Any type of grass seed is suitable for loamy soil. 

Clay soil

Clay soil is made of lots of fine particles but doesn’t have organic matter like other soils. Clay soil can hold water causing problems in aeration and resulting in suffocation. The best grass that grows in clay soil is Ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass. Clay soil is rich in nutrients and can be compacted at times. Read in the detail What Grass Grows in Clay Soil?

Sandy soil

Sandy soil is loose and has heavy drainage. Extreme drought-tolerant grass can only survive in sandy soil. The best grass seeds for sandy soil in a warm climate are Bermuda grass, centipede grass, Bahia grass, Carpet grass, and St Augustine grass. For a cool climate, Kentucky bluegrass, Fescue, and Zoysia are preferred.

What is the best time to prepare the soil for grass seed?

The best time of year to prepare the soil for grass seed in September and October. The best season is autumn. Creating the best lawn with an emerald sheet of grass takes time and power. The process of preparing the soil for grass requires plenty of time. The Autumn season gives warm soil with the required amount of rain which helps save time in watering and establishing the grass. Give the soil rest one month before you start preparing the soil.

How to prepare the soil for grass seed?

Preparing the soil for grass seed is a must. Let us see how to prepare each soil for grass seed:

Sandy soil

To prepare sandy soil check the soil quality and the contents in it. Sandy soil is tough for plants to grow because of less nutrient content. But with some amendments in soil growth is possible. Let us understand the soil and prepare it for grass seed.

The sandy soil is loose soil because of its ability to drain water fast. The water drainage has become a demerit as they drain the nutrients along with water. The nutrient deficit sandy soil needs nutrients often. The water drainage makes it suitable only for grass that is drought tolerant. As the soil has rocks and loose particles, it makes the soil ideal for grass type which has a root structure that can search for water and gain from it. The sandy soil should be prepared in such a way that the grass or plant selected thrives in a drought-tolerant environment.

Clay soil

Clay soil should also be treated well before planting grass seed because of its large particles making it compacted. Clay soil is naturally rich in nutrients and has a high water-holding capacity. This is a bonus for your lawn in times of drought. Grass in clay soil thus has low maintenance, saving owners time and money. Clay soil has rich nutrients such as calcium and magnesium, saving time and money on fertilizer. 

Clay soil should be tested and treated accordingly. Opening the soil for 25 mm and treating it with nutrients and organic matter is necessary. Adding compost and organics into the topsoil is a must. After adding topsoil, mix the topping into the ground well. After this step let the soil rest for two months. After that do a quality test before adding the grass seed. Try making a thin ribbon in the soil ball and if it rolls perfectly then the soil quality is good for seeding.

10 Steps to Prepare Soil for Grass Seed

grass seed

The important part of seeding for grass is soil preparation. Here are 10 steps to prepare the soil for grass seed.


Test the soil pH– The first step to prepare the soil for grass seed is to start with a soil test. The test can be done on your own or with the help of laboratories. This soil test will give all the analysis regarding the soil texture, composition, nutrition, and recommended changes for improvement. The soil test will show the soil profile, which helps to add the balance for the grass seed.

Step 2

Remove Debris and vegetation– Removing the rock, wood and existing vegetation from the soil will make it a better place for the seed. Eliminate the weed and old grass to do the work. Using a weeding tool or knife will help remove the debris. Small plants can be tilled to make them a natural nutrient for the soil

Step 3

Loosen soil base– Loosen the soil by tilling it. By doing this, it will loosen up the soil and give good aeration, reducing compaction. Use a shovel or rake, dig 2 inches, and break the rocks in the top layer of the soil.  Also, remove excess soil debris from the soil.

Step 4

Add sand and compost– Don’t forget to add compost and sand before laying the seed. The grass might not get enough nutrients if sand is not added. Topsoil with compost makes the best pair for grass seed soil. It is recommended to not till deep and only work with topsoil. A Sandy Loam soil is best for the grass seed.

Step 5

Amend the soil– After adding compost, adding amends to it is a must. After adding topsoil take a soil test to find what type of amendment the soil needs. With this add the right amendment to make it the best topsoil for seed. Retesting the soil will ensure to add the right amendment is at the right time. Add compost, sand, or any conditioner to the soil to make it more productive.

Step 6

Fertilize the soil– The lawn needs more fertilizer as new plants need more in establishing in the new soil. Apply the fertilizer in a 10-10-10 ratio and mix it with the soil well before leveling the soil.

Step 7

Rake the soil– After adding the pre-fertilizer for grass seed, rake the soil. Smoothening the soil will help identify the debris more and to spread the fertilizer.

Step 8

Leave it to set– After that leaves the soil, fertilizer will set in. This part is necessary and should not be skipped.

Step 9

Spread the seed– Using a seed spreader, spread the grass seed in the soil. Make sure to apply enough seed in the area.

Step 10

Leveling the soil– After adding, mending, sowing the seed, and leveling the soil is the last step. Level the soil and make sure the soil is free from holes. 

Post care 

  • Proper Watering of the soil is essential post-care for the grass seed. Watering daily for a week and reducing it to twice a day according to growth is necessary. Keep the soil moist until the grass is 1 inch tall.
  • Moving the lawn regularly on reaching the recommended height for moving should be done to maintain a healthy lawn. Moving should be done more in summer to shade the soil.

Tips and tricks

  • New grass needs to be fertilized once a month depending on the soil type and nature.
  • Buying grass seeds from the local area, depending on the climate, will help grow the best and healthy grass.

In Conclusion, preparing the soil for grass is not tough, rather it is very simple. To get a better end result, preparation is a must. The same goes for preparing the soil for grass seed for better and healthy grass.  Follow the steps from this read and get your result easily. Enjoy landscaping!


1. Will grass seed grow if I just throw it down?

Yes, grass seed will grow if you throw it down.

2. Should I use compost or topsoil for grass?

Using compost is the best soil because of its nutrients and moisture content.