How quickly will Buffalo Grass Spread?

Buffalo grass is a low-growing, warm-season perennial. It is usually only 8 to 10 inches tall. In this article, we will explore how quickly will Buffalo Grass spread.

The individual leaf blades can reach 10 to 12 inches in length, but they fall off and give the turf a tiny appearance. Buffalo grass has a stoloniferous growth habit. It grows with curly leaves and both staminate and pistillate flowers. Staminate (male) plants have 2 to 3 flag-like, one-sided spikes on seed stalk 4 to 6 inches high. Spikelets, usually 10, are 4 mm long in two rows on one side of the rachis.

What is Buffalo Grass?

Butellova dactyloids, commonly known as buffalo grass, spread rapidly through the rhizomes to form a dense carpet. The finely shaped, gray-green to blue-green leaves are 10-12 inches long but curved to look small.

The warm-season grasses Boutelova dactyloides are endemic to Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The southernmost state in the U.S. It travels across the Central Plains states and into Mexico. It is the main grass in short grass prairie and frequently constitutes the lowest section of long prairie.

How Quicky Will the Buffalo Grass Spread?

Cultural Requirements

Buffalo grass can be cut several times a year or left to its natural appearance. If pruned, at least two to three inches tall can help control weeds. It may require periodic edging to keep distant from soft paths or adjacent planting beds. It is dormant in mid-spring and turns brown in mid-autumn like warm-season turfgrass.

Buffalo grass requires full daylight yet has minimal fertility and water demands. It is resistant to heat, drought, and alkaline soils. It is not tolerant of high moisture levels or sandy soils. It only needs 1.5 inches of rain per month to stay green. During prolonged drought, it can go dormant and turn brown. This strategy will aid in surviving the most difficult situations. Buffalo grass consumes fewer resources than typical, intensively maintained pastures because it requires less fertilizer, irrigation, and pruning.

According to the USDA’s Plant Fact Sheet, buffalo grass plugs should be planted in 12 to 24-inch centers, depending on how quickly you want to achieve coverage. It will spread within 8 to 12 weeks of planting.

Because buffalo grass and curly mesquite are both low-growing, curly-leaved rock grasses, they can have some difficulty separating. If not in grass flowers, the nodes and internodes differentiate them. The buffalo hay is soft, and the curved mesquite bales are villas. Furthermore, the internodes of the buffalo grass are considerably shorter (less than 3 inches), but the curly mesquites are much longer.

Growth of Flowers on Buffalo Grass

Growth of Flowers on Buffalo Grass

The common name refers to this grass character that once grazed a buffalo (American bison) roaming the Great Plains. Early settlers opted to establish their houses here since it was part of the Shortgrass Prairie. Then and now, it hosts larvae to green skipper butterflies. The particular term, dactyloids, relates to the inflorescence and meaning finger-like.

Buffalo grass dioecious, male and female flowers on different plants. The male flowers are small, comb-like spikes on the leaves. The female flowers fall on the leaves on the short stem. We think male flowers are part of its charm, but they are visible as a more formal and close-fitting form to turfgrass.

The appearance of pistillate (female) grass differs from that of staminate plants. On the tiny spike or head, pistillate spikelets develop. A swelling sheath of top leaves protects the pistillate.

Both male and female plants have stolons ranging from several inches to several feet, with internodes 2 to 3 inches long and nodes with small clusters of leaves. Plants often take root at the node and produce new shoots. Each grass propagates, and only one grass forms male and female flowers. Usually, one type of grass is present in patches at some distance.

Seeds of Buffalo Grass

Production and use of buffalo grass poor seeds can damage by germination or burrowing. Poor germination has been linked to mechanical regulation of the grass by hard external glues. 

Its seed production characteristics and its tolerance to prolonged drought. Additionally, extreme temperatures allow the buffalo to survive in severe environmental conditions. In the case of over-grazing and turf, over-consumption or excessive traffic is the stress that causes buffalo stands to deteriorate.

Customization and Usability

Buffalograss is present in the Great Plains from Mexico to Montana. In Texas, buffalo grass grows in the highlands and plains from the south-central region to El Paso in the west and north. It is appropriate for thick clay soils with moderate to low rainfall. Buffalograss is rare in the sandy soils of eastern Texas and areas of high rain in southeastern Texas.

When buffalo grass is planted or irrigated and fertilized in areas with high rainfall, Bermudagrass and other weeds attack the buffalo stand. Buffalo grass is best suited for regions with low rainfall (15 to 30 inches per year) or full irrigation.

Buffalo grass is not optimized for shaded sites or sites that receive heavy traffic Furthermore, Bermudagrass and other exotic grasses may replace buffalo grass in pastures with proper management.

When sowing seeds, seed purification, seed rate, and sowing date are crucial for growth. Seed purification, 6 to 8 weeks of chilled germs at 5 to 10 degrees or chemically treated seeds to break the hibernation has a much higher germination rate (80% to 90%) than untreated seed (20%). Sow the treated seeds for spring and summer planting.

Sun-loving buffalo grass (Buchlo Dactyloides) prefers warm climates between 80 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Warm soil up to 110 F also promotes rapid germination and leaf growth.


Germination of Grass

Low maintenance grass, buffalo grass usually starts from seed. Wait until the soil temperature is between 70 and 80 F for any seeding project – this is the best time to establish buffalo grass from mid-summer to mid-summer. If you sow the seeds early in the spring, the germs will take longer to germinate. Buffalo grass requires heat for rapid establishment. The quality seeds will sprout in about seven days under the right conditions. 

Stolen Spread

After germination, the buffalo grass is close to the ground and spreads after four weeks. Stolons or stems of grass develop across the land. When the turf touches the soil, it produces new roots to support the stems and leaves above. This propaganda strategy illustrates the easily manageable feature of this turf. It spends its energy on horizontal propagation rather than the growth of tall grass blades. Buffalo grass grows only 3 to 6 inches long. Expanding stolons will fill the area for any hard-to-weed-absorbing dense soil.

For Quick Growth

With a distinctive blue-green color, buffalo grass grows speedily in summer. But since this time is equivalent to a severe drought, you should water the buffalo grass from time to time to maintain its color and growth habit. Maintaining a well-drained and nutrient-rich soil structure contributes to the growing success of summer grasses because the soil retains water longer to separate. Plant buffalo grass in the full sun and water it deep on the earth.

Dormancy Period

As the soil cools in the autumn, the buffalo grass goes dormant as soon as winter arrives. Although the grass appears yellow or brown, it is not from disease. This color lasts until spring. To keep the lawn from turning brown for the winter, you can monitor the cold-season turf species. The cold-season grass will add some life to your ground until the buffalo grass starts to grow again in the spring, retaining its green color throughout the winter.


The Buffalo grass is warm-season turfgrass. It usually grows in North America. The grass has rapid growth in favorable conditions. The development of grass depends on the maintenance, plantation, atmosphere, and more. If your grass is taking longer than expected to grow, check the soil and maintenance routine.