How do you Fix Poor Soil?

We all know that soil is the foundation of all plant growth, providing essential nutrients, water, and oxygen to plants. But unfortunately, not all types of soil are the same. Some of them are too sandy or too clayey, some of them lack the required nutrients and sometimes the soil is contaminated with harmful substances. 

Read here if you want to know How do you cultivate Garden Soil?

How can you fix poor soil?

There are ways to fix poor soil and improve its fertility. There are some methods to improve soil quality :

  • Testing the soil: The first step to improving something is knowing the deficiency. For soil, you will have to take a soil test. It will tell you what nutrients are deficient, what the pH level is, and whether there are any contaminants in the soil. By knowing all this you can find out the best method to fix the soil.
  • Add organic matter: It is one of the most effective ways to improve soil quality. You can use compost, leaves,  manure, and grass clippings. The benefits of using organic matter are s that it helps in improving the structure of the soil, and water holding capacity and it also increases nutrient ability. As this organic matter decomposes it slowly releases nutrients into the soil.
  • Apply fertilizers: There are mainly two types of fertilizer:

Apply fertilizers

  1. Organic: made from natural materials like blood meal, bone meal, and fish emulsion. It releases nutrients slowly and is good for long-term improvement.
  2. Inorganic: these are made from synthetic materials and release nutrients quickly. They are good for short-term soil fixing and shouldn’t be used in excess.
  • Adding lime: Lime is added to soil to increase pH level. It is added when the soil is too acidic, adding lime will make it alkaline. It will help to improve nutrient availability in soil and make the soil more hospitable to the growth of plants. But don’t overdo that as it can harm plants.
  • Mulching of soil: mulching is covering the soil with a layer of organic material such as wood chips, straw, and leaves. It will help to retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weeds. Over time it also adds nutrients to the soil as the organic matter decomposes.
  • Crop rotation: it is a practice in which different crops are planted in a particular area every year. This practice will prevent the build-up of pests and diseases and also improve soil fertility as different crops have different nutrients needed so rotating crops can help to balance the nutrients in the soil.

What can I add to my soil to make it better?

Peat Moss

There are several things you can add to make your soil better. It depends on the type of soil and what you want to grow. Here is the list of some options you can add:

  • Manure: Manure contains nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium which help in increasing the fertility of the soil. Use well-composted manure as fresh manure can burn plants.
  • Compost: Compost is made of decomposed organic matter like food scrap, leaves, and grass. Adding compost to the soil will improve nutrient content, and soil structure and increase the water-holding capacity of the soil.
  • Peat moss: It is a good amendment for sandy soil as it helps to retain moisture.
  • Vermiculite: It is a mineral that is heated to create lightweight and spongy material. It improves the water-holding capacity of the soil.
  • Perlite: It is a volcanic rock that has been heated to create a porous and lightweight material. It improves drainage and the aeration of the soil.
  • Blood meal: It is rich in nitrogen which is necessary for the growth of leaves.
  • Bone meal: It is rich in phosphorus which is required for root and flowering. It improves the nutrient content of soil and supports the growth of plants.

Always remember to read the instructions given on the package while adding any amendments to the soil.

How do you repair damaged soil?

How do you repair damaged soil

Damage to soil can occur due to a variety of reasons like compaction, erosion, contamination, and depletion of nutrients. There are several ways to repair damaged soil and improve soil health. Some of them are :

  • Add organic matter to soil: It is the best way to repair damaged soil. Adding Organic matter can also stimulate beneficial microbial activities.
  • Use soil amendment: Depending upon the need of the soil you can add amendments like blood meal, bone meal, and fertilizer in the soil to repair it.
  • Plant cover crop: Cover crops like rye and clover can help in fixing soil and retaining nutrients.
  • Reduce soil compaction: It can be difficult to grow plants in compact soil as roots can not penetrate the soil easily. To reduce compaction you can use techniques like aeration, cover crop, and avoid excessive tillage.
  • Remediate soil contamination: Remediation is done when your soil is contaminated with harmful substances such as pesticides or heavy metals. This process involves techniques like phytoremediation, which involves using plants to break down and absorb contaminants.

How long does it take to Restore Soil?

The time it takes to restore soil depends on the severity of the damage and the methods used for the process of restoration. Generally, it is a long-term process that requires patience, maintenance, and monitoring.

For example, if you are using organic matter, it can improve soil health relatively faster with noticeable improvement in soil structure, and growth of plants within a few weeks or months. 

Another example is reducing soil erosion. It also shows quick results.  severe damage takes a lot of time to heal.


In conclusion, there are several ways to fix soil and improve its quality. The first essential step is soil testing to determine what nutrients are deficient and from there organic matter, fertilizer, mulching, crop rotation, and other methods can be used to improve soil quality. By taking care of the soil you can create a healthy garden.